Tag Archives: Federal Class Action

Update on Data Breach and Data Privacy Class Actions Post-Spokeo

In May, the U.S. Supreme Court issued its opinion in Spokeo v. Robins, providing guidance on the “injury-in-fact” aspect of the constitutional standing requirement for putative class action plaintiffs.  136 S. Ct. 1540 (2016), as revised (May 24, 2016).  Spokeo was quickly hailed by both plaintiff- and defense-side lawyers as a major victory, but in … Continue Reading

Ninth Circuit Confirms Brazil v. Dole Decertification Due to Faulty Damages Model

In Brazil v. Dole, No. 14-17480 (9th Cir. Sept. 30, 2016), the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit affirmed in part and reversed in part three different orders issued by the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California.  In doing so, the Ninth Circuit (1) confirmed that in order to … Continue Reading

U.S. Supreme Court Remands Spokeo; Ninth Circuit Must Consider Whether “Concrete” Injury Occurred

Spokeo, Inc. v. Robins has been closely watched because of its potential implications for class actions alleging mere “technical violations” of consumer protection statutes.  Yesterday, the U.S. Supreme Court issued a 6-2 decision confirming that a plaintiff must have suffered a “concrete” injury to have standing under Article III of the U.S. Constitution.  According to … Continue Reading

Back at it Again (with the Standing Opinions): Seventh Circuit Reiterates Article III Standing in Data Breach Class Actions

On July 20, 2015, the Seventh Circuit issued its opinion in Remijas v. Neiman Marcus Group, 794 F. 3d 688 (7th Circ. 2015), which immediately became the low-water mark for Article III standing in data breach cases.  In short, Remijas became the first Circuit decision to expressly and expansively recognize that risk of future injury … Continue Reading

Third and Seventh Circuit Courts of Appeals Issue TCPA Decisions

The Telephone Consumer Protection Act, 47 U.S.C. § 227, et seq. (“TCPA”), prohibits “robo-calls” to cell phones, text messages and “junk” faxes without prior consent. It imposes statutory penalties from $500 to $1,500 per violation, regardless of any actual damage, and is thus increasingly popular with the plaintiffs’ class action bar. Though passed in 1991, … Continue Reading

New FCC Interpretation Of “Express Consent” To Increase TCPA Class Action Liability

Plaintiffs frequently sue businesses in class actions for violation of the Telephone Consumer Protection Act of 1991, 47 U.S.C. § 227 (the “TCPA”). The TCPA generally prohibits calls and text messages to cell phones using automated systems or artificial or pre-recorded voice unless the consumer gives “prior express consent.” The TCPA imposes statutory penalties of … Continue Reading

The Ninth Circuit Holds That The TCPA Prohibits Automated Calls Even When They Do Not Refer To Any Specific Good Or Service

In Chesbro v. Best Buy Stores, LP, No. 11-35784, 2012 WL 4902839 (9th Cir. Oct. 17, 2012), the Ninth Circuit reversed the Western District of Washington’s grant of summary judgment in favor of Best Buy Stores, LP (“Best Buy”) on claims that Best Buy placed automated telephone calls to plaintiff Michael Chesbro’s home in violation … Continue Reading

The Federal Arbitration Act Preempts Any Right To A Class Action Under State Law

The California Court of Appeal recently held that the Federal Arbitration Act (FAA) preempts any statutory right to a class action under the California Consumers Legal Remedies Act (CLRA). See Caron v. Mercedes-Benz Financial Services USA LLC et al., — Cal.Rptr.3d —-, 2012 WL 2579662 (Cal.App. 4 Dist.). In doing so, the court applied the … Continue Reading

The Ninth Circuit Again Follows Concepcion And Enforces Consumer Arbitrations

On March 16, 2012, the Ninth Circuit followed the recent U.S. Supreme Court decision in AT&T Mobility, Inc. v. Concepcion, 131 S. Ct. 1740 (2011), and held that the Federal Arbitration Act (the FAA) preempts state law refusing to enforce arbitration provisions with class action waivers. See Marygrace Coneff v. AT&T Corp., — F.3d —-, … Continue Reading

Eighth Circuit Denies Class Certification of UCL Cause of Action Despite Tobacco II’s Holding

In Avritt v. Reliastar Life Ins., __ F.3d__ (8th Circ. 8-12-2010), the Eighth Circuit Court of Appeal affirmed an order denying class certification of a putative class of California annuity investors who were allegedly misled by the defendant. The opinion re-affirms the federal rules that require the plaintiff to show that it can prove reliance and … Continue Reading

The United States Supreme Court Rules That Class Arbitration Is Improper When Parties To An Arbitration Agreement Have Not Explicitly Authorized Class Arbitration

On April 27, 2010, in a closely watched antitrust case with the potential for broad impacts on class action arbitrations, the United States Supreme Court considered the issue “whether imposing class arbitration on parties whose arbitration clauses are ‘silent’ on that issue is consistent with the Federal Arbitration Act (FAA), 9 U.S.C. § 1 et … Continue Reading

California’s Fourth Appellate District Holds That Named Plaintiffs In Putative Class Actions Alleging Misrepresentation And Deception Under The UCL’S “Unlawful” Prong Must Plead Actual Reliance

On April 19, 2010, California’s Fourth Appellate District decided two companion cases – Durell v. Sharp Healthcare, — Cal.Rptr.3d —-, 2010 WL 1529322, Cal.App. 4 Dist., April 19, 2010 (NO. D054261) and Hale v. Sharp Healthcare, — Cal.Rptr.3d —-, 2010 WL 1529329, Cal.App. 4 Dist., April 19, 2010 (NO. D054637) – that mark a potentially … Continue Reading

Fourth District Court of Appeal Confirms that the No “Pick Off” Rule Applies to a Potential UCL Class Action

In Wallace v. GEICO General Insurance Company (April 19, 2010) __ Cal.App.4th __, the Fourth District Court of Appeal confirmed that a defendant cannot “pick off” a potential class representative by tendering payment of their claim in a class action alleging violations of California’s Unfair Competition Law, Business and Professions Code section 17200 et seq. … Continue Reading

Ninth Circuit Makes CAFA Jurisdiction Stick

On April 21, 2010, the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals confirmed that a putative class action removed to federal court under the Class Action Fairness Act (CAFA) does not lose federal jurisdiction just because the court denies class certification. The case, United Steel, Paper & Forestry, Rubber, Manufacturing, Energy, Allied Industrial & Service Workers International Union, … Continue Reading

Seventh Circuit Affirms Dismissal Of Consolidated Class Actions Under The Fair Debt Collection Practices Act Based On Faulty Survey Evidence

In DeKoven v. Plaza Associates (No. 09-2016) and Kubert v. Plaza Associates (No. 09-2249), which were consolidated for decision, the United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit affirmed the dismissal of class actions brought under the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act regarding allegedly confusing dunning letters. In both cases, the District Court found that … Continue Reading

Delaware Chancery Court Dismisses Plaintiffs’ Counsel In Merger Class Action, Challenging Credibility Of All Counsel In Connection With Proposed Settlement

In In re Revlon, Inc. Stockholder Litigation, Consol. C.A. No. 4578-VCL, 2010 WL 985732 (Del. Ch. Mar. 16, 2010), the Delaware Chancery Court dismissed a group of law firms that had been appointed to act as co-lead and liaison plaintiffs’ counsel for a putative class of stockholders in an action challenging a corporate merger, and … Continue Reading

Pfizer: The Court of Appeal Rinses Away the Tobacco II Aftertaste

In Pfizer, Inc. v. Superior Court, ___ Cal. App. 4th __ (March 2, 2010), the Court of Appeal, Second District, applied In re Tobacco II Cases, 46 Cal. 4th 298 (2009) (“Tobacco II“) to overturn an order granting class certification. The Pfizer opinion resuscitates traditional class certification opposition strategies based on the unfair competition law (the “UCL”) … Continue Reading

Ninth Circuit Clarifies When Non-Tipped Employees May Participate In Tip Pools

In case of first impression for it, the Ninth Circuit clarified the validity of tip pools under the Fair Labor Standards Act (“FLSA”) where the tip pool includes employees who are not customarily and regularly tipped. In Cumbie v. Woody Woo, Inc., the Court of Appeals held that where workers make more than the minimum wage … Continue Reading

The Fourth Circuit Bounces Express Check Class Action Back to State Court Based on Lack of Diversity Jurisdiction

The United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit in Ferrell v. Express Check Advance of South Carolina, LLC (No. 09-2401) examined the citizenship of limited liability companies for purposes of diversity jurisdiction in a class action. The Plaintiff in Ferrell, a citizen of South Carolina, commenced a class action lawsuit on behalf of “other … Continue Reading

Federal Circuits Grapple With Standard of Proof and the “Fraud-On-The-Market” Presumption At Class Certification Stage

In recent years, a split among the circuits has developed in federal securities class actions with regard to the procedure and standard of proof required to certify a class. At the class certification stage of the proceedings, district courts are instructed to conduct a “rigorous analysis” of the various requirements set forth in Federal Rule of … Continue Reading
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